Building IoT Smart Devices with ESP32

Building IoT Smart Devices with ESP32

ESP32 is a series of low-cost, low-power system-on-a-chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth, making it a popular choice for IoT smart device development. In this guide, we'll cover the core concepts of using ESP32 and will provide numerous project ideas you can try.

ESP32 is an upgrade from the popular ESP8266, with a faster CPU, more GPIO, and onboard Bluetooth. It is designed for high performance and low-energy consumption.


  1. Introduction to ESP32
  2. Setup Environment
  3. Blinking an LED
  4. Reading Sensors
  5. 20 Project Ideas
  6. ESP32 Common FAQs

Introduction to ESP32

The ESP32 is a perfect choice for IoT applications due to features like:

ESP32 development can be done using the Arduino IDE, ESP-IDF or MicroPython.

Setup Environment

To develop an application using ESP32, the first thing you need is to set up your development environment. In this guide, we'll be using the Arduino IDE which is a simple-to-use, open-source electronics platform.


  1. Download and install the Arduino IDE on your computer.
  2. Open the Arduino IDE, then go to File > Preferences.
  3. In the Additional Boards Manager URLs field, add this URL:
  4. Click OK and then go to Tools > Board > Boards Manager.
  5. In the search field, type ESP32 and install the software for it.
  6. Now you are ready to create your first IoS with ESP32.

Blinking an LED (ESP32)

The best way to start with a new microcontroller is the classic "Hello World" of microcontrollers – blinking an LED.

void setup() {
  pinMode (2, OUTPUT);  //Configure GPIO2 as Output

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(2, HIGH);  //Turn On LED
  delay(1000);  //Wait for 1 Second
  digitalWrite(2, LOW);  //Turn OFF LED
  delay(1000);  //Wait for 1 Second

Reading Sensors

Reading from sensors is a common use case for the ESP32. Here is a simple code sample where we read from a temperature sensor.

#include <Wire.h> // Include Wire library for I2C
#define TEMP_SENSOR_ADDR 0x76 // Define I2C Address for the sensor

void setup()
  Wire.begin(); // BEGIN I2C
  Serial.begin(9600); // BEGIN serial communication at 9600

void loop()
  Wire.requestFrom(TEMP_SENSOR_ADDR, 2);  //Request 2 bytes from the sensor

    uint8_t c =; // Use Wire library to pull data
    Serial.print("Temperature: "); 

  delay(1000); // Wait 1 second between readings

20 Project Ideas

  1. IoT weather station
  2. Home security system
  3. IoT baby monitor
  4. Smart garage opener
  5. IoT plant watering system
  6. IoT door lock
  7. Smart thermostat
  8. Smart lighting system
  9. Indoor air quality monitor
  10. Voice-controlled home automation system
  11. IoT pet feeder
  12. Smart farming system
  13. IoT solar panel monitor
  14. Smart pool monitoring system
  15. Wearable health monitor
  16. Smart parking system
  17. IoT energy meter
  18. Smart irrigation system
  19. Traffic monitoring system
  20. Industrial automation

ESP32 Common FAQs

Q1: Can ESP32 be programmed with Python?

Q2: How many GPIO pins are there in ESP32?

Q3: Can I use ESP32 with Arduino IDE?

Q4: What is the operating voltage of ESP32?

We hope you find this guide useful and are excited to start your IoT journey with ESP32. Happy coding!

This markdown page was last updated on <<date>>.